HomeHealth and FitnessGet Rid of Dark Circles: Causes and Treatment

Get Rid of Dark Circles: Causes and Treatment

Dark circles beneath the lower eyelids are typical in both men and women, regardless of gender. Dark circles under the eyes, sometimes accompanied by bags, may make you look years older than you are.

They may also be tough to get rid of. Do you know how to get rid of this issue?

Even though they may affect anybody, black circles are more often seen in those who:

  • are in their golden years
  • A hereditary predisposition causes the disorder (periorbital hyperpigmentation).
  • come from ethnic groups other than white people (darker skin tones are more prone to hyperpigmentation around the eye area)

While exhaustion may seem to be the most reasonable explanation for this condition, there are a variety of other variables that might play a role in the development of dark circles under the eyes.

In most instances, they are not a reason for worry and do not need medical attention or intervention.

What Causes?

There are a variety of variables that contribute to dark circles under the eyes. Some of the most prevalent causes are as follows:


Oversleeping, excessive weariness, or just staying up a few hours beyond your typical bedtime may all contribute to the formation of darkness beneath the eyes.

Your skin can become dull and pale due to sleep deprivation, enabling the dark tissues and blood vessels under your skin to be seen.

It is also possible that a lack of sleep can cause fluid to accumulate under your eyes, causing them to seem puffy. Consequently, the dark circles under your eyes may be caused by shadows projected by your swollen eyelids rather than genuine dark circles.


One of the most prevalent causes of dark circles under the eyes is natural ageing. You will notice that your skin grows thinner as you age. In addition, you lose the fat and collagen that are necessary to keep your skin’s suppleness.

Dark blood vessels under your skin become apparent as a result, and the region behind your eyes becomes darker.


Staring at a television or computer screen for extended periods may significantly strain the eyes. Blood vessels around your eyes may get enlarged due to this stress. Consequently, the skin around your eyes may become darker in colour.


Allergic reactions and dry eyes are two factors that might cause dark circles under the eyes. As a response to potentially hazardous microorganisms, your body releases histamines, which are known as allergic reactions.

The presence of histamines may produce various unpleasant symptoms, such as itching, redness, and swollen eyes. Histamines can also cause your blood vessels to widen and become more apparent under your skin.


When you have dark circles under your eyes, it is customary to be dehydrated. Your skin behind your eyes becomes dull, and your eyes seem sunken when your body does not get the correct quantity of water. This is because they are so near to the underlying bone.

Sun overexposure

Excessive time spent in the sun might lead your body to develop an excess of Melanin, which is the pigment that gives your skin its colour.

An excessive amount of sunlight, especially for your eyes, may cause pigmentation in the skin around your eyes to darken.


Your family history may also influence the development of dark circles beneath your eyes. It may be a hereditary feature that manifests itself early in infancy and worsens with age or gradually disappears.

In addition to genetic predispositions to medical disorders such as thyroid disease, dark circles under the eyes may be caused by other factors.

Treatment for Dark Circles

Here are the tips for how to Get Rid of Dark Circles:

How to Get Rid of Dark Circles? Once a person knows the causes of dark circles beneath their eyes, they may choose the most effective remedy for them.

Some individuals change their way of life, while others rely on treatments and items that they may purchase from beauty supply shops. While most of these home remedies are likely to be safe, they may be useless.

Although it may not be possible to eliminate dark under-eye circles, various procedures and cures might reduce their appearance.

1. Getting adequate sleep

When individuals have periods of poor quality sleep, they may develop dark under-eye circles visible to some. A lack of sleep may exacerbate the appearance of dark under-eye circles.

According to a few small studies, rest and excellent overall health may help reduce the appearance of dark under-eye circles.

2. Elevating the head during sleep

Some individuals may have enlarged blood vessels or vasculature around their eyes if they notice a darkening of the skin around their eyes in the morning that gradually diminishes during the day. Swelling may also result in a darker hue and a darker colour.

As a result of elevating the head when sleeping, blood will be directed away from the head and face, which may help you to minimize swelling and the dark circles beneath the eyes.

3. Applying cold compresses

How to Get Rid of Dark Circles? Applying cold compresses beneath the eyes may benefit those who have enlarged vasculature under their eyes. Cold compresses have been shown to constrict the blood vessels surrounding the eyes, resulting in a reduction in their appearance at the surface of your skin.

Compresses may also help to minimize swelling around the eyes and lighten the dark colour around the eyes.

4. Minimizing sun exposure

By shielding their skin from the sun, people may lessen the appearance of dark under-eye circles. People’s dark under-eye circles might be exacerbated by ultraviolet exposure.

Sunglasses, sunscreen-infused moisturizers, and hats may all help to protect the skin from the sun and prevent the aggravation of dark under-eye circles from occurring.

5. Cucumber slices and tea bags

When people apply cucumber slices to their eyes, the look of dark under-eye circles is less noticeable. Although the exact mechanism of action of the cucumber slices is uncertain, the pieces’ chilly temperature may help reduce edema caused by sleeping, eczema, or allergies.

Some individuals may use tea bags as a substitute. Cold cucumber slices or cold compresses applied to the eyes after allowing them to chill in the refrigerator may have the same effect as cold cucumber slices or cold compresses.

Some sources recommend using caffeinated tea bags because caffeine may also constrict blood vessels, reducing their appearance on the skin’s surface.

Caffeine may also improve the look of the skin by making it seem more young and fresh. It does this by increasing blood flow through blood vessels around the eyes.

6. Vitamin C

Vitamin C has been shown to stimulate collagen formation. Blood stasis, which may produce discolouration beneath the eyes, can be reduced by increasing collagen formation under the eyes. Blood stasis is defined as the blood that has accumulated in blood vessels.

Those who use cosmetic products with high concentrations of vitamin C may notice a reduction in the appearance of dark circles beneath their eyes.

7. Retinoid creams

Retinoid creams, which can be purchased at most beauty supply shops, may also aid in the promotion of collagen formation and the reduction of the appearance of dark under-eye circles.

These vitamin A-derived lotions also have the additional benefit of reducing the amount of Melanin in the skin, and Melanin is responsible for the colour of the skin.

The use of retinoid creams is not recommended for everyone. Before taking retinoid creams, people should consult with their doctor or another healthcare practitioner to ensure safety.

8. Hydroquinone, kojic acid, and arbutin creams

Hydroquinone, kojic acid, and arbutin are all skin-lightening agents that interfere with Melanin’s formation. A study in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology Trusted Source reports that modest amounts of hydroquinone and kojic acid may be helpful in the treatment of age spots.

People in certain nations have restricted access to hydroquinone lotions since creams can induce adverse reactions.

Both kojic acid and arbutin are produced from plants, making them natural compounds.

In modest amounts, Arbutin may help reduce the appearance of this issue beneath the eyes, but large concentrations might induce hyperpigmentation.

You should consult a doctor or darmatologist before using a cosmetic product containing hydroquinone, kojic acid, or arbutin, among other ingredients.

9. Vitamin K

According to the findings, the effectiveness of an anti-wrinkle and dark eye circle pad containing 3 percent caffeine and 1 percent vitamin K was investigated in a recent study.

The participants wore the eye pads for one hour every night for four weeks. After the study, the researchers saw a reduction in the appearance of dark under-eye circles.

Further research is required to validate the effectiveness of vitamin K and caffeine-loaded pads in treating dark under-eye circles.

10. Concealers and makeup

Some people disguise their dark under-eye circles by applying makeup on their faces. Dark circles around the eyes may be concealed using mineral makeup foundation.

Dark circle reducers are a kind of cosmetic that reflects light away from the skin and may help to reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes. These strategies are not effective in treating or preventing under-eye circles.

The Bottom Line

Even though dark circles beneath the eyes are not harmful to a person’s health, some individuals opt for seeing a doctor or dermatologist for aesthetic reasons. People who suffer from low self-esteem or impaired quality of life due to dark eye circles may find it beneficial to seek medical attention for their condition.

A doctor or dermatologist can assist in diagnosing and classifying dark eye circles. Which may then be used to guide people or patients in selecting the most suitable therapy or lifestyle modification. Doctors may also assist patients in managing their expectations about the efficacy of any particular treatment.

You should keep in mind that most therapies must be used regularly for many months before a person experiences any substantial improvement.



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